Green Dot

Green Dot is an evidence-based primary prevention program designed to teach participants safe ways to intervene in situations of dating/domestic violence, sexual harassment and assault, and child abuse.

The program includes two components: the Overview Speech and the Bystander Training.

The Overview Speech is a 45-minute high-level training delivered to any member of the community.

The Bystander Training is a 5-hour intensive training with identified Popular Opinion Leaders (POLs), i.e. people who are respected and admired by other community members. To reach optimal effectiveness, 15% of a population must complete the Bystander Training. 



Learning Objectives

After attending a Green Dot training, participants will be able to:

  • Recognize red dots
  • Understand importance of intervening
  • Know any barriers they may have to intervening
  • Identify creative ways to intervene, even with their barriers
  • Set new community norms: violence is not okay and everyone is expected to do their part


We know Green Dot works because of the extensive evaluation of the program – most of which has happened in Kentucky high schools and colleges.
Data from a 5-year RCT evaluation research study of Green Dot in Kentucky high schools showed a:” AND “Coker, A. L.; Bush, H. M.; Cook-Craig, P. G.; DeGue, S, A.; Clear, E. R.; Brancato, C. J.; Fisher, B. S.; and Recktenwald, E. A. (2017). RCT Testing Bystander Effectiveness to Reduce Violence. American Journal of Preventative Medicine 52(5): 566–578.


Kentucky Green Dot Community Designations

KASAP has four designations for Green Dot Communities in our state. These designations help us ensure that Green Dot Community is effective and consistent everywhere it is implemented:



What’s Your Green Dot?

Green Dots are simple actions you can take in your everyday life. Some examples are:

  • Directly intervening when you see a red dot situation by telling the person/people causing harm to stop or by checking in on the person experiencing the harm.
  • Getting someone else involved in addressing a red dot situation, like a friend, store manager, or coworker.
  • Distracting from a red dot situation by asking someone for directions or asking if they dropped a dollar.
  • Having a conversation with your family and friends about why you think Green Dot is important. Posting about Green Dot on your social media.
  • Including a Green Dot quote in your email signature.

Green Dot Research

Below are links to research articles about the Green Dot program.



Contact KASAP’s Prevention Coordinator, Astraea Howard (

Questions about prevention?

The Kentucky Association of Sexual Assault Programs, Inc. (KASAP) is the statewide coalition of the 13 rape crisis centers in the Commonwealth. The mission of KASAP is to speak with a unified voice against sexual victimization.

83-C Michael Davenport Boulevard
Frankfort, KY 40601
PO Box 4028, Frankfort, KY 40604


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