Prevention

We can create a world free from sexual violence. 

Primary prevention is the key to making it happen.

Primary prevention simply means stopping violence  before it starts. This requires changing the underlying beliefs, actions, and conditions that support violence while promoting those that keep people safe.

KASAP has been a leader in sexual violence prevention work for over a decade and is committed to expanding our work to keep all Kentuckians safe.
 


Where prevention is happening

Each of Kentucky's regional rape crisis centers supports prevention work in their local area. We are currently implementing programming in 83 middle schools, high schools, and communities.

 

Questions about prevention?

Contact KASAP's Prevention Coordinator 
Astraea Howard (ahoward@kasap.org)

Learn more about prevention

 

Our programs

KASAP supports several evidence-based primary prevention programs that target middle school, high school, and the community. All of our programming is implemented by highly trained Prevention Educators. To learn more about each of our programs, click on the links below.

It's My Space

It’s My Space is a Kentucky-specific adaptation of an evidence-based middle school primary prevention program that teaches students about personal boundaries. The program includes four classroom sessions where students participate in engaging activities and discussion to deepen their understanding of personal boundaries. Additionally, students complete a school hotspot mapping activity where they identify the spaces in the school where they feel safe, unsafe, or in-between. Prevention Educators use this information to work with school administrators to make changes to the school environment to keep students safe.


Learning Objectives

Students who attend It’s My Space trainings will be able to…

  • Define their own personal boundaries
  • Communicate their personal boundaries
  • Recognize signs of someone’s boundary being crossed
  • Understand the importance of respecting people’s boundaries

 

It works

 

 

Questions about It’s My Space? Contact KASAP’s Prevention Coordinator, Astraea Howard (ahoward@kasap.org)

Green Dot for High School

Green Dots are simple actions you can take in your everyday life. Some examples are:

  • Directly intervening when you see a red dot situation by telling the person/people causing harm to stop or by checking in on the person experiencing the harm.
  • Getting someone else involved in addressing a red dot situation, like a friend, teacher, or other trusted adult.
  • Distracting from a red dot situation by asking someone about homework you have or asking to borrow someone’s phone.
  • Having a conversation with your friends about why you think Green Dot is important.
  • Posting about Green Dot on your social media.
  • Bringing a Green Dot training to your club, sports team, or youth group.

 

Kentucky’s Green Dot 2040 Plan

KASAP’s goal is to have Green Dot in all 255 high schools across the Commonwealth by 2040 because every student deserves to learn and grow in a violence-free environment. With the current capacity of KASAP’s rape crisis centers, it would take close to 30 years to achieve this widespread protection. This means that too many students will go through their high school years without access to high-quality, evidence-based primary prevention programming. KASAP is working to expand capacity across the state to achieve this goal. By expanding our teams of prevention educators to at least four at each regional rape crisis center, we could reach this ambitious goal in just 18 years. This would ensure that every Kentuckian in our newest generation would have access to prevention during their formative high school years.

 

 

Questions about Green Dot for High Schools? Contact KASAP’s Prevention Coordinator, Astraea Howard (ahoward@kasap.org)

Green Dot for Community

Green Dot is an evidence-based primary prevention program designed to teach participants safe ways to intervene in situations of bullying, dating violence, and sexual harassment and assault. The program includes two components: the Overview Speech and the Bystander Training. The Overview Speech is a 45-minute high-level training delivered to all students in a school. The Bystander Training is a 5-hour intensive training with identified Popular Opinion Leaders (POLs), i.e. students who are admired and respected by their peers. To reach optimal effectiveness, 15% of the student body must complete the Bystander Training.

 

 

 

Learning Objectives

After attending a Green Dot training, participants will be able to…

  • Recognize red dots
  • Understand importance of intervening
  • Know any barriers they may have to intervening
  • Identify creative ways to intervene, even with their barriers
  • Set new school norms: violence is not okay and everyone is expected to do their part

 

How We Know It Works

We know Green Dot works because of the extensive evaluation of the program – most of which has happened in Kentucky high schools and colleges. Data from a 5-year RCT evaluation research study of Green Dot in Kentucky high schools showed a:

  • 21% reduction in perpetration of sexual assault
  • 30% reduction in physical and psychological dating violence

Coker, A. L.; Bush, H. M.; Cook-Craig, P. G.; DeGue, S, A.; Clear, E. R.; Brancato, C. J.; Fisher, B. S.; and Recktenwald, E. A. (2017). RCT Testing Bystander Effectiveness to Reduce Violence. American Journal of Preventative Medicine 52(5): 566–578.

 

What’s Your Green Dot?

Green Dots are simple actions you can take in your everyday life. Some examples are:

  • Directly intervening when you see a red dot situation by telling the person/people causing harm to stop or by checking in on the person experiencing the harm.
  • Getting someone else involved in addressing a red dot situation, like a friend, teacher, or other trusted adult.
  • Distracting from a red dot situation by asking someone about homework you have or asking to borrow someone’s phone.
  • Having a conversation with your friends about why you think Green Dot is important.
  • Posting about Green Dot on your social media.
  • Bringing a Green Dot training to your club, sports team, or youth group.

 

Kentucky’s Green Dot 2040 Plan

KASAP’s goal is to have Green Dot in all 255 high schools across the Commonwealth by 2040 because every student deserves to learn and grow in a violence-free environment. With the current capacity of KASAP’s rape crisis centers, it would take close to 30 years to achieve this widespread protection. This means that too many students will go through their high school years without access to high-quality, evidence-based primary prevention programming. KASAP is working to expand capacity across the state to achieve this goal. By expanding our teams of prevention educators to at least four at each regional rape crisis center, we could reach this ambitious goal in just 18 years. This would ensure that every Kentuckian in our newest generation would have access to prevention during their formative high school years.

 

 

Questions about Green Dot for High Schools? Contact KASAP’s Prevention Coordinator, Astraea Howard (ahoward@kasap.org)

Community-Level Prevention

The Social Ecological Model (below) shows the levels of influence that impact someone’s likelihood of experiencing or causing harm.

 

 

Community-level prevention is a public health concept that looks at how the environment where our social interactions take place can impact the way people behave. This can be either the physical environment (spaces) or social norms and policies. By creating safer spaces in schools and communities, changing school or community norms to support bystander intervention, and adopting policies that keep our students and community members safe, we can deepen the prevention work we are already doing. The three evidence-informed community-level prevention strategies in Kentucky are hotspot mapping, social norms change, and policy change. KASAP plans to implement one of these strategies in each It’s My Space middle school and Green Dot high school and community by 2023.

 

 

Hotspot Mapping

A process of data collection that identifies where in a place people feel safe and unsafe. That data is used to make changes to the physical environment of the space to make unsafe areas (“hotspots”) safer.

 

Social Norms Change

Motivating individuals and groups to adopt social norms that result in positive health and wellbeing by correcting misperceptions about social norms that lead to harmful attitudes, beliefs, and/or behaviors. KASAP is focusing on promoting social norms that make it easier for students and community members to be active bystanders when they see potentially dangerous situations.

 

Policy Change

Encouraging adoption of policies and practices within a school or community that do not allow violence to occur, that show violence prevention is valued, and that the school/community does not tolerate violence.

 

Questions about Community-Level Prevention? Contact KASAP’s Prevention Coordinator, Astraea Howard (ahoward@kasap.org)

The Kentucky Association of Sexual Assault Programs, Inc. (KASAP) is the statewide coalition of the 13 rape crisis centers in the Commonwealth. The mission of KASAP is to speak with a unified voice against sexual victimization.

83-C Michael Davenport Boulevard
Frankfort, KY 40601
PO Box 4028, Frankfort, KY 40604

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